Unknown Confederate soldier buried in Gray, Maine. Mistakenly sent to the parents of Lt. Charles H. Colley of the 10th Maine by mistake. A short time later the body of the body of Lt. Colley was located and sent as well to his parents.
Not knowing what to do with the unidentified Confederate and the government distinctly not wanting him back, it was decided to bury the body in the little cemetery at Gray.
Later, a group of ladies of the town Many of whom had by this time had lost husbands and sons in the war- took up a collection to mark the grave of the lonely soldier buried so far from home.
This simple granite stone stands today almost in the middle of this cemetery, inscribed simply,
"Stranger. A soldier of the late war, died 1862. Erected by the Ladies of Gray,"
When a formal Memorial Day was instituted , the women of Gray placed a Confederate flag on his grave. Members of the G.A.R. Continued placing a Confederate flag on the grave till it was taken over by the Sons.
The Christmas pickle is a Christmas tradition in the United States. A decoration in the shape of a pickle is hidden on a Christmas tree, with the finder receiving either a reward or good fortune for the following year. There are a number of different origin stories attributed to the tradition, but it was primarily thought to have originated in Germany. This has since been disproved and is now thought to be an American tradition from the late 19th century.
One suggested origin has been that the tradition came from Camp Sumter during the American Civil War. The Bavarian-born Private John C. Lower had enlisted in the 103rd Pennsylvania Infantry, but was captured in April 1864 and taken to the prison camp. As the story is told, on Christmas Eve he begged a guard for a pickle while starving. The guard provided the pickle, which Lower later credited for saving his life. After returning to his family, he began a tradition of hiding a pickle on their Christmas tree each year. “
Old Abe, a tame bald eagle, was the mascot of the 8th Regiment of Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry in the Civil War and became a living symbol of the Union at war. He traveled with the 8th throughout the regiment’s participation in campaigns in the Western Theater from 1861 to 1864. Carried on a perch atop a shield, Old Abe was never wounded in any of the 37 engagements he participated in. He became famous for spreading his wings and shrieking at appropriate moments and was glorified by the Northern media. The 8th donated him to the government of Wisconsin, and Old Abe spent his postwar years living at the state Capitol, attending political rallies and being displayed at charity fundraisers.
More on Old Abe’s Life and Legacy
Ah-ga-mah-we-zhig (Chief Sky) of the Lac du Flambeau Lake Superior Chippewas captured Old Abe when he was an eaglet in 1861. Chief Sky traded the eaglet to the McCanns of the Jim Falls area. The McCanns later sold the adolescent eagle to the Eau Claire company of the Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry who named him Old Abe. The Eau Claire company combined with others to form the 8th regiment, and Old Abe became famous as their mascot and a constant presence in battle, on the march and in camp. During his life with the regiment, Old Abe became known for pilfering from the camp, spreading his wings on command and dancing to music.
In 1863 the 8th Wisconsin presented Old Abe to the state, and the eagle spent the rest of his life captive at the Capitol building in Madison or on display for various political, social and cultural causes. Old Abe’s living conditions while in the government’s care declined over time and he suffered from exhaustion, exposure and malnutrition on a number of occasions.
In 1881 a small fire broke out in the basement of the Capitol, igniting stored paints and oils and filling Old Abe’s quarters with smoke. The flames did not reach Old Abe’s confines, but the smoke seemed to negatively affect his health. He sickened and died within a month.
After his death, the state had Old Abe’s corpse preserved by taxidermy. He was displayed at the Wisconsin Historical Society until 1903 when he was moved to the G.A.R. Memorial Hall in the Capitol. A fire the next year in 1904 consumed his remains.
During his life and after his death, Old Abe has been the subject of numerous semi-fictionalized accounts and tributes.
Old Abe and the 8th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Image ID: WHi-1945
Source: State Historical Society of Wisconsin Visual Archives and wiki
"Gone with the Wind" had its grand premiere during the Christmas Season of 1939, just 74 years after the end of the “War Between the States” and Sunday December 15, 2013 marks the 74th anniversary of that wonderful-classic movie that opens with:
“There was a land of Cavaliers and Cotton Fields called the Old South. Here in this pretty world, Gallantry took its last bow. Here was the last ever to be seen of Knights and their Ladies Fair, of Master and of Slave. Look for it only in books, for it is no more than a dream remembered, a Civilization gone with the wind.”
"I rode a mule, a large gentle one, a good traveler and gentle. My bridle was made of home tanned fox or coon hides. The bit was made in a shop near by and was what was called a curb bit.
The saddle, home made also, consisted of two pieces of poplar - shaped so it was supposed to fit the mule’s back as they lay length - ways on her. They were fastened together in front by a piece of tough oak with rivets made of iron in the shops nearby, the back part was fastened the same way by tough oak out so as to resemble any ordinary saddle.
This saddle had holes mortised, through which a leather strap fastened with a ring and this made the girth. The back had holes mortised by which to tie on the belongings of a soldier of the C.S.A. When this was covered with a heavy woolen blanket spun and woven at home by my mother and sister and colored with bark, the soldier, dressed in clothes made the same way by the same loving hands, was ready to mount and be off [for] the war.
Neither the boy nor his equipment would make a formidable looking soldier or inspire terror, you will say. True! But the mule could travel and the boy could shoot, and either could very nearly find their own rations. These three formed the chief requisites for a soldier in Forrest’s Cavalry.”
- Mrs. Calvin S. Brown Papers, Z/0182.000, Mississippi Department of Archives & History
Where Did The Term “Yankee” Come From?-The two earliest statements as to its origin were both published in 1789.
As noted in the OED Thomas Anburey, a British officer who served under Burgoyne in the War of Independence, derives Yankee from the Cherokee ‘eankke’: slave or coward, and claims that the term was applied to the inhabitants of New England by the Virginians, resentful at their lack of help in their war with the Cherokees. The second mention came from William Gordon, writing in his ‘History of the American War’, who stated that it was a favourite word with farmer Jonathan Hastings of Cambridge, Mass., ‘c’.1713, who used it to mean ‘excellent’. He makes no suggestion, however, as to where Hastings had obtained it. The theory that, for many years, remained the one most widely accepted appeared in 1822: this suggested that the word evolved from the Native American mispronunciation of the word ‘English’, moving it through Yengee to Yankee.
During the French and Indian War the British general James Wolfe took to referring derisively to the native New Englanders in his army as Yankees, and the term was widely popularized during the Revolutionary War by the song “Yankee Doodle.” By the war’s end, of course, the colonists had perversely adopted the term as their own. Southerners used Yankee pejoratively to describe Northerners during the Civil War, but found themselves, along with all other Americans, called thus by the English during world wars I and II.
The Dutch word ‘Janke’, a diminutive of ‘Jan’ (John) and used as a derisive nickname by either the Dutch or the English in the New England states. evidence, dating to 1683, bears this out. For the next forty-odd years local records give several examples of sailors and pirates and one Black slave, all of whom seem to have been nicknamed yankey, yanky or yankee. This theory has been extended by Raven I. McDavid, in his abridgement of H.L. Mencken’s’ American Language (1963); he claims that the term is most likely an elision of ‘Jan Kees’, Kees being a diminutive of Cornelius, a common Dutch given name, which was the Dutch equivalent of ‘Joe Doakes’ or ‘John Doe.’ In its turn Jan Kees is based on ‘Jan Kaas’, literally ‘John Cheese’.
Dictionary for Yankees and Other Uneducated People, humor, illustrated, 1971
"Buffalo Bill" (1846-1917) -He Served As A Union Scout In The Civil WAr
In a life that was part legend and part fabrication, William F. Cody came to embody the spirit of the West for millions, transmuting his own experience into a national myth of frontier life that still endures today.
Born in Scott County, Iowa, in 1846, Cody grew up on the prairie. When his father died in 1857, his mother moved to Kansas, where Cody worked for a wagon-freight company as a mounted messenger and wrangler. In 1859, he tried his luck as a prospector in the Pikes Peak gold rush, and the next year, joined the Pony Express, which had advertised for “skinny, expert riders willing to risk death daily.” Already a seasoned plainsman at age 14, Cody fit the bill.
During the Civil War, Cody served first as a Union scout in campaigns against the Kiowa and Comanche, then in 1863 he enlisted with the Seventh Kansas Cavalry, which saw action in Missouri and Tennessee. After the war, he married Louisa Frederici in St. Louis and continued to work for the Army as a scout and dispatch carrier, operating out of Fort Ellsworth, Kansas.
Finally, in 1867, Cody took up the trade that gave him his nickname, hunting buffalo to feed the construction crews of the Kansas Pacific Railroad. By his own count, he killed 4,280 head of buffalo in seventeen months. He is supposed to have won the name “Buffalo Bill” in an eight-hour shooting match with a hunter named William Comstock, presumably to determine which of the two Buffalo Bill’s deserved the title.
Scalped Corpse Of Buffalo Hunter Ralph Morrison Found After An 1868 Encounter With Cheyennes Near Fort Doge, Kansas.
Scalping is the act of removing the scalp, or a portion of the scalp, either from a dead body or living person, as a trophy of battle or portable proof of a combatant’s prowess in war.
Although scalping in the United States is often associated with frontier warfare in North America, it actually has a historical basis throughout the world long before Columbus arrived, the earliest being in Eurasia in prehistory. There is no precedence of Vikings being scalped when they arrived in the Americas nearly 500 years before Columbus. The act of scalping in the modern era was practiced by colonists and frontiersmen, as well as Native Americans, across centuries of violent conflict. Some Mexican (e.g., Sonora and Chihuahua) and American territories (e.g., Arizona) paid bounties for enemy Native American scalps. Scalping was not practiced by all Native Americans.
It is still safe to say, however, that the practice of taking scalps, by both Native Americans and Europeans, spread after the introduction of scalp bounties in the early 18 th. century.
William Brandon and Keith Rosenberg, Native American specialists, The American Heritage Book of Indians (1961).
World of the American Indian, by Jules B. Billard, National Geographic Society; First Printing edition (1974), Washington, D.C
This image was created by Thomas Nast in the fall of 1864. It was created at a time when Lincoln was up for re-election and there was a definite possibility that he would loose, as many Americans were tired of war and wanted a peaceful resolution with the Confederacy. It is a direct attack on the Democrats’ Chicago Convention, which called for a party platform of peace with the Confederates, which Nast saw as a total waste of those Union soldiers that have already died in the fight.
An Iconic reading of this image would deal with the values of the community that are reflected in the image. This image is clearly propagandist, pushing viewers to question what would happen if victory was given to the Confederacy. The disabled soldier extends his hand to Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy, who is also standing on the grave of a dead Union soldier in an obvious sign of disrespect. Columbia is kneeling crying before that very grave and there are blacks, assumed to be slaves or former slaves in the background, huddled, not sure what is their future. All of these images are inflammatory, and force readers to think of the negative consequences of a Confederate victory. By dedicating the image to the Chicago Convention, the artist is reminding people that if they vote for the Democrats that this would be the future of the United States, thereby, strongly encouraging them to vote for Lincoln and the Republicans. This particular image’s Iconic reading would also be close to an Editorial reading. The symbolism in the image makes it hard not see that there is a clear political purpose to the image. The author clearly supports Lincoln and not making peace with the Confederacy.
Merry Christmas from the Confederate States of America
COLUMBIA — Happy holidays from the birthplace of secession!
When viewed from Main Street our new state Christmas tree seems to have an unusual topper — a Confederate soldier. Seems the tree is just a tad too short to cover the Civil War monument behind it. Oops.